Pudukkottai State was a kingdom in the Madras Presidency which existed from 1680 to 1947. It was one of the five states in political relations with the Government of Madras.The state of Pudukkottai comprised the whole of the modern district of Pudukkottai in Tamil Nadu and extended from 10 degrees 7' to 10 degrees 44'N latitudes and 78 degrees 25' and 79 degrees 12' E longitudes. It is bounded on the north and west by Tiruchirapalli district, on the south by Madurai district and on the east by Thanjavur district. The kingdom did not have fixed boundaries and was called "Tondaiman country" until the end of 18th century. The kingdom started to have fixed boundaries since early 19th century. It extended for 52 miles from east to west and 41 miles from north to south and encompassed an area of 1,178 square miles.