Bareilly is a city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Standing on the Ramganga river, it is the capital of Rohilkhand Division and is a center for the manufacture of furniture and for trade in cotton, grain, and sugar. The city's population in 2001 was 699,839. Geographically it forms the outer gateway to enter Uttarakhand State. According to Government of India, the district Bareilly is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.
This fast-growing city is also known as Bans-Bareilly, named after the name of two sons of the King of Bareilly, one is Bansal Dev & second is Baral Dev. Though Bareilly is also a production center for cane(Bans) furniture, but it is just a coincidence. The name Bans Bareilly is not derived from its big bans market. The status of the city has been upgraded when its name was included in the Counter Magnets of NCR, because it is equidistant from New Delhi and Lucknow and has a lot of potential for setting up industries to attract people to settle. Historically it was the part of the ancient kingdom of Panchal. In the Medieval period it was under the Rohillas. The modern city's foundation was laid by Mukrand Rai in 1657.