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Home » Articles » Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Installation On Fedora 13 (F13)

Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Installation On Fedora 13 (F13)








Article Posted On Date : Wednesday, September 8, 2010


Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Installation On Fedora 13 (F13)
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This article describes the installation of Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) 64-bit on fedro f(13) 64-bit. The article is based on a server installation with a minimum of 2G swap and secure Linux disabled. An example of this type of Linux installation can be seen here. The installation should also include the following package groups:

  • Gnome Desktop Environment
  • Editors
  • Graphical Internet
  • Development Libraries
  • Development Tools
  • Server Configuration Tools
  • Administration Tools
  • Base
  • Fonts
  • Hardware Support
  • Input Methods
  • System Tools
  • X Windows System

Unpack Files

Unzip the files:
unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
You should now have a single directory called "database" containing installation files.

Hosts File

The /etc/hosts file must contain a fully qualified name for the server:
<IP-address>  <fully-qualified-machine-name>  <machine-name>

Set Kernel Parameters

Oracle recommend the following minimum parameter settings:
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 536870912
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586
The current values can be tested using the following command:
/sbin/sysctl -a | grep <param-name>
Add or amend the following lines in the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file.
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 536870912
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default=262144
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=1048586
Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters:
/sbin/sysctl -p
Add the following lines to the /etc/security/limits.conf file:
oracle              soft    nproc   2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
Add the following line to the /etc/pam.d/login file, if it does not already exist:
session    required     pam_limits.so
Start the Firewall administration dialog (System > Administration > Firewall). Click the "Disable" button followed by the apply button on the toolbar, then close the dialog.

Disable secure linux by editing the /etc/selinux/config file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows:
SELINUX=disabled
Alternatively, this alteration can be done using the GUI tool (Applications > System Settings > Security Level). Click on the SELinux tab and disable the feature. If SELinux is disabled after installation, the server will need a reboot for the change to take effect.

Setup

If you have installed the suggested package groups during the installation, the majority of the necessary packages will already be installed. The following packages are listed as required, including the 32-bit version of some of the packages.
yum install binutils
yum install compat-libstdc++-33
yum install compat-libstdc++-33.i686
yum install elfutils-libelf
yum install elfutils-libelf-devel
yum install gcc
yum install gcc-c++
yum install glibc
yum install glibc.i686
yum install glibc-common
yum install glibc-devel
yum install glibc-devel.i686
yum install glibc-headers
yum install ksh
yum install libaio
yum install libaio.i686
yum install libaio-devel
yum install libaio-devel.i686
yum install libgcc
yum install libgcc.i686
yum install libstdc++
yum install libstdc++.i686
yum install libstdc++-devel
yum install make
yum install numactl-devel
yum install sysstat
yum install unixODBC
yum install unixODBC.i686
yum install unixODBC-devel
yum install unixODBC-devel.i686
Create the new groups and users:
groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
groupadd oper
groupadd asmadmin

useradd -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmadmin oracle
passwd oracle
Note. We are not going to use the "asmadmin" group, since this installation will not use ASM.

Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed:
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod -R 775 /u01
Login as root and issue the following command:
xhost +<machine-name>
Edit the /etc/redhat-release file replacing the current release information (Fedora release 13 (Goddard)) with the following:
redhat release 5
Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the .bash_profile file:
# Oracle Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=fedora13.localdomain; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_SID=DB11G; export ORACLE_SID
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi

Installation

Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable:
DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY
Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory:
./runInstaller
Proceed with the installation of your choice. You can see the installation I performed by clicking on the links below to see screen shots of each stage. Note. The prerequisites checks will show a number of packages missing, but these can be ignored. The emagent will fail to link and produce an error message. When this happens, click the "Continue" button and the installation will complete.






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